CARE Rapid Gender Analysis COVID-19 and Beyond: Lebanon May 2020

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This report is relevant for humanitarian and development practitioners, donors, and government bodies within Lebanon to determine areas of greatest impact of the COVID-19 virus and an ongoing economic crisis. Its gender-focus highlights major socio-cultural gaps in protection and health, that are relevant to LGBTI+ people in Lebanon.

This report begins by providing the humanitarian context of COVID-19 in Lebanon amid a burgeoning economic crisis and unstable political climate, followed by an overview of the Rapid Gender Analysis (RGA) objectives in this context. The RGA’s methodology is then discussed, with careful consideration of COVID-safe data collection mechanisms in accordance with Do No Harm. Of the 94 participants, 71.9 % are women and 28.1% men, 33.7% Lebanese and 66.3% Syrian Refugees.

The report finds the impact of COVID-19 on the context of the economic crisis has disproportionately affected women and girls, attributed to existing power dynamics within Lebanese society. Highly vulnerable groups like refugees, LGBTQI people, and migrant and domestic workers, whose access to vital services has been significantly restricted are also considered. The findings from the impact of COVID-19 and the economic crisis are divided as follows:

– Reinforcement of existing gender roles and responsibilities
– Lack of decision-making, participation, and leadership opportunities for women
– Access to and knowledge of health services, especially Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) and mental health and psychosocial support
– Accessibility of basic services and information resources
– Safety and protection needs for extremely vulnerable people

Under the final section, Safety and Protection, the report briefly discusses the needs of LGBTI+, considered as an extremely vulnerable group in a country where same-sex relations are criminalised.

The report closes with a list of recommendations for humanitarian and development practitioners, government bodies within Lebanon, and major international donors. These intend to open a dialogue about short and long term solutions for gender-focused recovery and development. They include the prioritisation of LGBT+ socio-structural inclusion and protection mechanisms.

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LGBTI+ community in Lebanon has for years lived under suppression with their rights and freedoms being violated as a result of a conservative society and discriminated system

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This report begins by providing the humanitarian context of COVID-19 in Lebanon amid a burgeoning economic crisis and unstable political climate, followed by an overview of the Rapid Gender Analysis (RGA) objectives in this context. The RGA’s methodology is then discussed, with careful consideration of COVID-safe data collection mechanisms in accordance with Do No Harm. Of the 94 participants, 71.9 % are women and 28.1% men, 33.7% Lebanese and 66.3% Syrian Refugees.

The report finds the impact of COVID-19 on the context of the economic crisis has disproportionately affected women and girls, attributed to existing power dynamics within Lebanese society. Highly vulnerable groups like refugees, LGBTQI people, and migrant and domestic workers, whose access to vital services has been significantly restricted are also considered. The findings from the impact of COVID-19 and the economic crisis are divided as follows:

– Reinforcement of existing gender roles and responsibilities
– Lack of decision-making, participation, and leadership opportunities for women
– Access to and knowledge of health services, especially Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) and mental health and psychosocial support
– Accessibility of basic services and information resources
– Safety and protection needs for extremely vulnerable people

Under the final section, Safety and Protection, the report briefly discusses the needs of LGBTI+, considered as an extremely vulnerable group in a country where same-sex relations are criminalised.

The report closes with a list of recommendations for humanitarian and development practitioners, government bodies within Lebanon, and major international donors. These intend to open a dialogue about short and long term solutions for gender-focused recovery and development. They include the prioritisation of LGBT+ socio-structural inclusion and protection mechanisms.