Migration, Mobility and Marginalisation: Consequences for Sexual and Gender Minorities

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This is relevant to humanitarian practitioners as it not only outlines some of the challenges that are unique to gender and sexual minorities in migration, but it also provides a strong basis for recommendations which can be implemented into meaningful resources and actions.

Migration can provide individuals a sense of liberation from experiences of marginalisation and discrimination, it can open economic opportunities for individuals and families, and it can similarly bring to surface issues of violence and discrimination to vulnerable minorities. This report provides an overview of the effects of forced migration and strategic migration on sexual and gender minorities. Furthermore, provides a powerful policy recommendation based on the issues surrounding migration and sexual and gender minorities.

Forced Migration

Forced migration might occur when economic migrants, refugees or asylum seekers are forced to migrate for reasons of safety, greater livelihoods and economic. For gender and sexual minorities, migration comes with a complexity of issues that has vast implications on safety, livelihoods and wellbeing. This report provides an overview of the complexity of the issues associated with migration for gender and sexual minorities and how these issues may impact their lives.

Strategic Migration

There are a number of reasons in which gender and sexual minorities may choose to migrate, for example gaining family acceptance through economic pursuit and sexual liberation. While strategic migration can provide gender and sexual minorities a sense of opportunity, it can arise many issues such as discrimination and violence, Furthermore, many individuals living in poverty find themselves strategically migrating in order to engage in sex work. This report critically outlines some of the associated risks for gender and sexually diverse individuals who either strategically or forcibly migrate, and provides policy recommendations in order to create a more inclusive agenda and address some of these pressing issues in which sexual and gender minorities face.

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“There is currently very little examination, however, of the consequences of migration for those people marginalised as a result of their sexual and gender identities.”

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Migration can provide individuals a sense of liberation from experiences of marginalisation and discrimination, it can open economic opportunities for individuals and families, and it can similarly bring to surface issues of violence and discrimination to vulnerable minorities. This report provides an overview of the effects of forced migration and strategic migration on sexual and gender minorities. Furthermore, provides a powerful policy recommendation based on the issues surrounding migration and sexual and gender minorities.

Forced Migration

Forced migration might occur when economic migrants, refugees or asylum seekers are forced to migrate for reasons of safety, greater livelihoods and economic. For gender and sexual minorities, migration comes with a complexity of issues that has vast implications on safety, livelihoods and wellbeing. This report provides an overview of the complexity of the issues associated with migration for gender and sexual minorities and how these issues may impact their lives.

Strategic Migration

There are a number of reasons in which gender and sexual minorities may choose to migrate, for example gaining family acceptance through economic pursuit and sexual liberation. While strategic migration can provide gender and sexual minorities a sense of opportunity, it can arise many issues such as discrimination and violence, Furthermore, many individuals living in poverty find themselves strategically migrating in order to engage in sex work. This report critically outlines some of the associated risks for gender and sexually diverse individuals who either strategically or forcibly migrate, and provides policy recommendations in order to create a more inclusive agenda and address some of these pressing issues in which sexual and gender minorities face.